A CBCT BASED DIGITAL ANALYSIS OF SHAPING ABILITY OF MAX WIRE®ALLOY FILE IN THE TREATMENT OF LARGE AND CURVED ROOT CANALS

Burçin Arıcan, Ayfer Atav Ateş, Cansu Büyük, Elif Çiftçioğlu

Abstract


Aim: To evaluate the limits of the shaping ability of MaxWire® alloy file in the treatment of pre-created large and curved root canals with different apical sizes by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Materials and methods: Forty-five permanent maxillary first molars with moderately curved palatal roots (20°-30°) were divided into three groups, and large root canals were created with apical diameter #35 (Group 1), #40 (Group 2) or #50 (Group 3) by using BioRace NiTi System. Then, they were reshaped with the MaxWire alloy file, XP-endo Shaper®. Canals were scanned before and after instrumentation by using the CBCT scanner. Canal transportation (CT), centering ratio (CR), % increased prepared area (PA), and % increased prepared outline (PO) at 2, 3, and 4 mm from the apex were calculated. Data were statistically analyzed at P < 0.05.
Results: There was a significant difference in the mean increase in PO in all apical sizes and all three levels. At both 3 mm and 4 mm levels the maximum PA and PO were achieved in apical size 35, while at 2 mm level the maximum values were obtained in apical size 40. There was no statistically significant difference in CT and CR within groups at 2 mm distance from the apex.
Conclusion: Max Wire alloy technology of this novel instrument makes it possible to clean and touch the dentin walls of large and curved root canals. Small FOV and small voxel size of CBCT could also be used in shaping ability studies in endodontics.


Keywords


Curved root canals. Cone beam computed tomography. Digital analysis. Large root canals. Max Wire alloy. XP-endo Shaper



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19177/jrd.v8e4202036-42

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Journal of Research in Dentistry, University of Southern of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, ISSN 2317-5907

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