EQUIDADE E IGUALDADE NA RECONFIGURAÇÃO DA EDUCAÇÃO SUPERIOR BRASILEIRA – governos FHC e Lula
Reconfiguration of Higher Education in Brazil is contemporary of economic and cultural Globalization phenomena, which mean the most complete expression of current stage of capitalism development. This essay focuses on the study of one aspect of this process in the country: public policies (and their justifications and context) towards the inclusion in social sectors which, historically, had not have access to the university or conditions to stay in it. It was chosen establish comparisons between the policies developed during FHC government period (1995-2002) and Lula da Silva (2003-2010), because we have admitted as hypothesis that, in the first ones, was imprinted an evident and straight neoliberal orientation; while in the second ones, even using the same orientation, it was searched remark some ideological differences by adoption of politics suitable for inclusion – in other words, FHC governments periods focused on equality and Lula governments in equity. This work is based on a basic set of descriptive data under governmental policies of inclusion in Higher Education and their results, even partial, collected by researchers teams of post-graduation of three Brazilian universities which participate in the Program Marco Interuniversitario para la equidad y la coesión social, of Rede Ibero-americana de Investigação em Políticas Educativas - RIAIPE. We used a basic bibliography by academic authors to support critical viewpoints about the theme. As the main conclusion, we pointed out to the existence of distinct paradigms in all mentioned government periods, and they have oriented reforms in Brazilian Higher Education, besides the suggestion of equity paradigm leans to the establishment of more consistent and appropriate policies for inclusion.
Brazilian College Education. Inclusion. Equality. Equity. FHC and Lula da Silva governments.
Poiésis. Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, ISSN-e 2179-2534
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