Impact of the light-curing source and curing time on the degree of conversion and hardness of a composite

Anderson Catelan, Caetano Tamires, Boniek Castillo Dutra Borges, Giulliana Panfiglio Soares, Bruno de Castro Ferreira Barreto, Natália Maria Aparecida Pinto Hernandes, Maria Cecília Caldas Giorgi, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar

Abstract


Adequate physical properties of the resinous materials are related to clinical longevity of adhesive restorations. The aim of this investigation was to assess the impact of light-curing source and curing time on the degree of conversion (DC) and Knoop hardness number (KHN) of a composite resin. Circular specimens (5 x 2 mm) were carried out (n = 7) of the Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE) composite. The specimens were light-cured by quartz-halogen-tungsten (QTH) XL 3000 (3M ESPE, 450 mW/cm2) or light-emitting diode (LED) Bluephase 16i (Vivadent, 1390 mW/cm2) for 20, 40, or 60 s. After 24 h, absorption spectra of composite were obtained using Spectrum 100 Optica (Perkin Elmer) FT-IR spectrometer in order to calculate the DC and, KHN was performed in the HMV-2T (Shimadzu) microhardness tester under 50-g load for 15 s dwell time. DC and KHN data were subjected to 2-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test at a pre-set alpha of 0.05. The LED showed highest DC and KHN values than QTH (p < 0.05). The increase of curing time improved the DC and KHN, all curing times with statistical difference (p < 0.05). The use of light-curing units with high irradiance and/or the time of cure increased may improve the physical properties of resin-based materials.

Keywords


Composites resins; Physical properties; Hardness

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19177/jrd.v1e1201391-97

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Journal of Research in Dentistry, University of Southern of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, ISSN 2317-5907

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